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Documentation / acpi / apei / einj.txt

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Based on kernel version 3.13. Page generated on 2014-01-20 22:00 EST.

1				APEI Error INJection
2				~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
4	EINJ provides a hardware error injection mechanism
5	It is very useful for debugging and testing of other APEI and RAS features.
7	To use EINJ, make sure the following are enabled in your kernel
8	configuration:
14	The user interface of EINJ is debug file system, under the
15	directory apei/einj. The following files are provided.
17	- available_error_type
18	  Reading this file returns the error injection capability of the
19	  platform, that is, which error types are supported. The error type
20	  definition is as follow, the left field is the error type value, the
21	  right field is error description.
23	    0x00000001	Processor Correctable
24	    0x00000002	Processor Uncorrectable non-fatal
25	    0x00000004	Processor Uncorrectable fatal
26	    0x00000008  Memory Correctable
27	    0x00000010  Memory Uncorrectable non-fatal
28	    0x00000020  Memory Uncorrectable fatal
29	    0x00000040	PCI Express Correctable
30	    0x00000080	PCI Express Uncorrectable fatal
31	    0x00000100	PCI Express Uncorrectable non-fatal
32	    0x00000200	Platform Correctable
33	    0x00000400	Platform Uncorrectable non-fatal
34	    0x00000800	Platform Uncorrectable fatal
36	  The format of file contents are as above, except there are only the
37	  available error type lines.
39	- error_type
40	  This file is used to set the error type value. The error type value
41	  is defined in "available_error_type" description.
43	- error_inject
44	  Write any integer to this file to trigger the error
45	  injection. Before this, please specify all necessary error
46	  parameters.
48	- param1
49	  This file is used to set the first error parameter value. Effect of
50	  parameter depends on error_type specified. For example, if error
51	  type is memory related type, the param1 should be a valid physical
52	  memory address.
54	- param2
55	  This file is used to set the second error parameter value. Effect of
56	  parameter depends on error_type specified. For example, if error
57	  type is memory related type, the param2 should be a physical memory
58	  address mask. Linux requires page or narrower granularity, say,
59	  0xfffffffffffff000.
61	- notrigger
62	  The EINJ mechanism is a two step process. First inject the error, then
63	  perform some actions to trigger it. Setting "notrigger" to 1 skips the
64	  trigger phase, which *may* allow the user to cause the error in some other
65	  context by a simple access to the cpu, memory location, or device that is
66	  the target of the error injection. Whether this actually works depends
67	  on what operations the BIOS actually includes in the trigger phase.
69	BIOS versions based in the ACPI 4.0 specification have limited options
70	to control where the errors are injected.  Your BIOS may support an
71	extension (enabled with the param_extension=1 module parameter, or
72	boot command line einj.param_extension=1). This allows the address
73	and mask for memory injections to be specified by the param1 and
74	param2 files in apei/einj.
76	BIOS versions using the ACPI 5.0 specification have more control over
77	the target of the injection. For processor related errors (type 0x1,
78	0x2 and 0x4) the APICID of the target should be provided using the
79	param1 file in apei/einj. For memory errors (type 0x8, 0x10 and 0x20)
80	the address is set using param1 with a mask in param2 (0x0 is equivalent
81	to all ones). For PCI express errors (type 0x40, 0x80 and 0x100) the
82	segment, bus, device and function are specified using param1:
84	         31     24 23    16 15    11 10      8  7        0
85		+-------------------------------------------------+
86		| segment |   bus  | device | function | reserved |
87		+-------------------------------------------------+
89	An ACPI 5.0 BIOS may also allow vendor specific errors to be injected.
90	In this case a file named vendor will contain identifying information
91	from the BIOS that hopefully will allow an application wishing to use
92	the vendor specific extension to tell that they are running on a BIOS
93	that supports it. All vendor extensions have the 0x80000000 bit set in
94	error_type. A file vendor_flags controls the interpretation of param1
95	and param2 (1 = PROCESSOR, 2 = MEMORY, 4 = PCI). See your BIOS vendor
96	documentation for details (and expect changes to this API if vendors
97	creativity in using this feature expands beyond our expectations).
99	Example:
100	# cd /sys/kernel/debug/apei/einj
101	# cat available_error_type		# See which errors can be injected
102	0x00000002	Processor Uncorrectable non-fatal
103	0x00000008	Memory Correctable
104	0x00000010	Memory Uncorrectable non-fatal
105	# echo 0x12345000 > param1		# Set memory address for injection
106	# echo 0xfffffffffffff000 > param2	# Mask - anywhere in this page
107	# echo 0x8 > error_type			# Choose correctable memory error
108	# echo 1 > error_inject			# Inject now
111	For more information about EINJ, please refer to ACPI specification
112	version 4.0, section 17.5 and ACPI 5.0, section 18.6.
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