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Documentation / video4linux / cpia2_overview.txt




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Based on kernel version 3.15.4. Page generated on 2014-07-07 09:05 EST.

1				Programmer's View of Cpia2
2	
3	Cpia2 is the second generation video coprocessor from VLSI Vision Ltd (now a
4	division of ST Microelectronics).  There are two versions.  The first is the
5	STV0672, which is capable of up to 30 frames per second (fps) in frame sizes
6	up to CIF, and 15 fps for VGA frames.  The STV0676 is an improved version,
7	which can handle up to 30 fps VGA.  Both coprocessors can be attached to two
8	CMOS sensors - the vvl6410 CIF sensor and the vvl6500 VGA sensor.  These will
9	be referred to as the 410 and the 500 sensors, or the CIF and VGA sensors.
10	
11	The two chipsets operate almost identically.  The core is an 8051 processor,
12	running two different versions of firmware.  The 672 runs the VP4 video
13	processor code, the 676 runs VP5.  There are a few differences in register
14	mappings for the two chips.  In these cases, the symbols defined in the
15	header files are marked with VP4 or VP5 as part of the symbol name.
16	
17	The cameras appear externally as three sets of registers. Setting register
18	values is the only way to control the camera.  Some settings are
19	interdependant, such as the sequence required to power up the camera. I will
20	try to make note of all of these cases.
21	
22	The register sets are called blocks.  Block 0 is the system block.  This
23	section is always powered on when the camera is plugged in.  It contains
24	registers that control housekeeping functions such as powering up the video
25	processor.  The video processor is the VP block.  These registers control
26	how the video from the sensor is processed.  Examples are timing registers,
27	user mode (vga, qvga), scaling, cropping, framerates, and so on.  The last
28	block is the video compressor (VC).  The video stream sent from the camera is
29	compressed as Motion JPEG (JPEGA).  The VC controls all of the compression
30	parameters.  Looking at the file cpia2_registers.h, you can get a full view
31	of these registers and the possible values for most of them.
32	
33	One or more registers can be set or read by sending a usb control message to
34	the camera.  There are three modes for this.  Block mode requests a number
35	of contiguous registers.  Random mode reads or writes random registers with
36	a tuple structure containing address/value pairs.  The repeat mode is only
37	used by VP4 to load a firmware patch.  It contains a starting address and
38	a sequence of bytes to be written into a gpio port.
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