Advanced Fedora Core 2 Notes

Mauriat Miranda (http://www.mjmwired.net/contact/)

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Published: 15 August 2004 (updated: 25 August 2004)

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This guide is a set of additional personal configuration notes for Fedora Core 2. My Personal Fedora Core 2 Installation Notes are separate. This page is geared for some more technical and involved processes. Keep in mind this works for me, so take care in doing proper backups to critical files whenever trying something.

Note: All notes are relative to the date they were composed. Please keep that in mind.


Compiling a Custom Kernel

Compiling your own kernel will allow you to thoroughly tweak your linux system. This involves add/remove various features that may or may not work or speeding up your system.

Note: Updated notes for compiling a kernel in Fedora Core 3 can be found on my FC3 Kernel Notes.

My system is an Athlon XP system with an NVidia video card, I use no extra kernel patches or drivers other than the Nvidia driver.

You will need about 350-400MB of free space on your system.

Verify you have a FC2 kernel-source rpm:

[mirandam@charon mirandam]$ rpm -q kernel-source
kernel-source-2.6.5-1.358

Obtain the latest 2.6 kernel source (FC2 uses a 2.6 based kernel) from kernel.org. Make sure to use a mirror.

The latest stable version of the Linux kernel is:  	2.6.8.1 	2004-08-14 11:13 UTC

As root decompress it to /usr/src/

[root@charon download]# bzip2 -cd linux-2.6.8.1.tar.bz2 | tar xvf - -C /usr/src/

Change to the new kernel directory

[root@charon download]# cd /usr/src/linux-2.6.8.1/

If you wish to apply some kernel patch, do so before the next step.

Put the kernel source in a proper/clean state:

[root@charon linux-2.6.8.1]# make mrproper

Copy the previous Fedora .config file from the fedora kernel-source RPM, this will be your starting point for customizing the kernel.

[root@charon linux-2.6.8.1]# ls /usr/src/linux-2.6.5-1.358/configs/
kernel-2.6.5-i586.config      kernel-2.6.5-i686.config
kernel-2.6.5-i586-smp.config  kernel-2.6.5-i686-smp.config

[root@charon linux-2.6.8.1]# uname -rm
2.6.5-1.358 i686

[root@charon linux-2.6.8.1]# cp /usr/src/linux-2.6.5-1.358/configs/kernel-2.6.5-i686.config /usr/src/linux-2.6.8.1/.config

Note: If you have another kernel source, either from another RPM or a previously downloaded kernel source, you can use that .config instead of Fedora's.

Bring the .config file up to date to match the new kernel. This will prompt for many new options. If you know what they are, answer them correctly. Otherwise just hit [Enter].

[root@charon linux-2.6.8.1]# make oldconfig

Once done, configure all the necessary options in the kernel by using any of the following:

text based questions:	make config
text based GUI:		make menuconfig
GTK based GUI:		make gconfig
QT based GUI:		make xconfig	(recommended)

Disable or enable anything that you may or may not want. Be very careful when changing things with which you are unfamiliar. If you do not know what it is, leave it to the default value. Some things I personally change:

* "Processor type and features"
	- set correctly (Athlon/Duron/K7 - for me)
* "Power management options (ACPI, APM)"
	- I enable "Software Suspend" and "Suspend-to-Disk Support"
	- I disable "CPU Frequency Scaling" - My Athlon does not support it
* My system DOES NOT have or support any of the following:
	- "PCMCIA/CardBus support"
	- "Fusion MPT devive support"
	- "IEEE 1394 (FireWire) support"
	- "Amateur Radio Support"
	- "Bluetooth subsystem support"
	- "ISDN subsystem"
* Some things I stronly recommend:
	- "File systems > DOS/FAT/NT Filesytems > NTFS file system support"
	- Things like "NFS", "SMB" and "CIFS" are needed to allow for things like network file access (Samba, etc.)

Save the config, and compile. This step may take between 15min - 2hours depending on the speed of your system.

[root@charon linux-2.6.8.1]# make all

Once done compiling, install it.

[root@charon linux-2.6.8.1]# make modules_install
[root@charon linux-2.6.8.1]# make install

Edit /boot/grub/grub.conf, you'll find that the kernel has already been added, but the default=1 points to your previous kernel. Set default=0. Also add 3 to the end of the kernel line. This will disable the X server.

kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.8.1 ro root=LABEL=/ 3

Reboot into your new kernel, but before you do, make sure you have the Nvidia driver (or any other driver) easy to access. ... [REBOOT] ... If it fails to boot into the new kernel, read the data provided in the error and go back to your previous kernel. Go to the config step and try to change the device or feature that may have caused the problem.

Once in the new kernel install the Nvidia driver. Note: I install this the following way to allow for the driver to load in each kernel instead of only one.

[root@charon download]# sh NVIDIA-Linux-x86-1.0-6111-pkg1.run --extract-only
[root@charon download]# cd NVIDIA-Linux-x86-1.0-6111-pkg1/usr/src/nv/
[root@charon nv]# make install

Test it, by running init 5, if that doesn't work, try: modprobe nvidia, then run init 5. When you know it works go and edit /boot/grub/grub.conf remove the 3 at the end of the kernel line.

Any other drivers that you may have been added should be re-installed now. EVERY driver that did not come default in the kernel or in Fedora, will most likely require re-installation.

More information:


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Disclaimer: The author makes no claim to the accuracy of the information provided. This information is provided in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY. There is no implied support from referencing this guide. Any help that is provided is at will. Use this information at your own risk. Always make proper backups and use caution when modifying critical system files.

PLEASE DO NOT mirror, translate or duplicate this page without contacting me.

Copyright © 2003-2013 by Mauriat Miranda (mjmwired.net).