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Based on kernel version 4.9. Page generated on 2016-12-21 14:34 EST.

1				      The userio Protocol
2		     (c) 2015 Stephen Chandler Paul <thatslyude@gmail.com>
3				      Sponsored by Red Hat
4	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5	
6	1. Introduction
7	~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
8	  This module is intended to try to make the lives of input driver developers
9	easier by allowing them to test various serio devices (mainly the various
10	touchpads found on laptops) without having to have the physical device in front
11	of them. userio accomplishes this by allowing any privileged userspace program
12	to directly interact with the kernel's serio driver and control a virtual serio
13	port from there.
14	
15	2. Usage overview
16	~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
17	  In order to interact with the userio kernel module, one simply opens the
18	/dev/userio character device in their applications. Commands are sent to the
19	kernel module by writing to the device, and any data received from the serio
20	driver is read as-is from the /dev/userio device. All of the structures and
21	macros you need to interact with the device are defined in <linux/userio.h> and
22	<linux/serio.h>.
23	
24	3. Command Structure
25	~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
26	  The struct used for sending commands to /dev/userio is as follows:
27	
28		struct userio_cmd {
29			__u8 type;
30			__u8 data;
31		};
32	
33	  "type" describes the type of command that is being sent. This can be any one
34	of the USERIO_CMD macros defined in <linux/userio.h>. "data" is the argument
35	that goes along with the command. In the event that the command doesn't have an
36	argument, this field can be left untouched and will be ignored by the kernel.
37	Each command should be sent by writing the struct directly to the character
38	device. In the event that the command you send is invalid, an error will be
39	returned by the character device and a more descriptive error will be printed
40	to the kernel log. Only one command can be sent at a time, any additional data
41	written to the character device after the initial command will be ignored.
42	  To close the virtual serio port, just close /dev/userio.
43	
44	4. Commands
45	~~~~~~~~~~~
46	
47	4.1 USERIO_CMD_REGISTER
48	~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
49	  Registers the port with the serio driver and begins transmitting data back and
50	forth. Registration can only be performed once a port type is set with
51	USERIO_CMD_SET_PORT_TYPE. Has no argument.
52	
53	4.2 USERIO_CMD_SET_PORT_TYPE
54	~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
55	  Sets the type of port we're emulating, where "data" is the port type being
56	set. Can be any of the macros from <linux/serio.h>. For example: SERIO_8042
57	would set the port type to be a normal PS/2 port.
58	
59	4.3 USERIO_CMD_SEND_INTERRUPT
60	~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
61	  Sends an interrupt through the virtual serio port to the serio driver, where
62	"data" is the interrupt data being sent.
63	
64	5. Userspace tools
65	~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
66	  The userio userspace tools are able to record PS/2 devices using some of the
67	debugging information from i8042, and play back the devices on /dev/userio. The
68	latest version of these tools can be found at:
69	
70		https://github.com/Lyude/ps2emu
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