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Documentation / pcmcia / driver-changes.txt

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Based on kernel version 4.13.3. Page generated on 2017-09-23 13:55 EST.

1	This file details changes in 2.6 which affect PCMCIA card driver authors:
2	* pcmcia_loop_config() and autoconfiguration (as of 2.6.36)
3	   If struct pcmcia_device *p_dev->config_flags is set accordingly,
4	   pcmcia_loop_config() now sets up certain configuration values
5	   automatically, though the driver may still override the settings
6	   in the callback function. The following autoconfiguration options
7	   are provided at the moment:
8		CONF_AUTO_CHECK_VCC : check for matching Vcc
9		CONF_AUTO_SET_VPP   : set Vpp
10		CONF_AUTO_AUDIO     : auto-enable audio line, if required
11		CONF_AUTO_SET_IO    : set ioport resources (->resource[0,1])
12		CONF_AUTO_SET_IOMEM : set first iomem resource (->resource[2])
14	* pcmcia_request_configuration -> pcmcia_enable_device (as of 2.6.36)
15	   pcmcia_request_configuration() got renamed to pcmcia_enable_device(),
16	   as it mirrors pcmcia_disable_device(). Configuration settings are now
17	   stored in struct pcmcia_device, e.g. in the fields config_flags,
18	   config_index, config_base, vpp.
20	* pcmcia_request_window changes (as of 2.6.36)
21	   Instead of win_req_t, drivers are now requested to fill out
22	   struct pcmcia_device *p_dev->resource[2,3,4,5] for up to four ioport
23	   ranges. After a call to pcmcia_request_window(), the regions found there
24	   are reserved and may be used immediately -- until pcmcia_release_window()
25	   is called.
27	* pcmcia_request_io changes (as of 2.6.36)
28	   Instead of io_req_t, drivers are now requested to fill out
29	   struct pcmcia_device *p_dev->resource[0,1] for up to two ioport
30	   ranges. After a call to pcmcia_request_io(), the ports found there
31	   are reserved, after calling pcmcia_request_configuration(), they may
32	   be used.
34	* No dev_info_t, no cs_types.h (as of 2.6.36)
35	   dev_info_t and a few other typedefs are removed. No longer use them
36	   in PCMCIA device drivers. Also, do not include pcmcia/cs_types.h, as
37	   this file is gone.
39	* No dev_node_t (as of 2.6.35)
40	   There is no more need to fill out a "dev_node_t" structure.
42	* New IRQ request rules (as of 2.6.35)
43	   Instead of the old pcmcia_request_irq() interface, drivers may now
44	   choose between:
45	   - calling request_irq/free_irq directly. Use the IRQ from *p_dev->irq.
46	   - use pcmcia_request_irq(p_dev, handler_t); the PCMCIA core will
47	     clean up automatically on calls to pcmcia_disable_device() or
48	     device ejection.
49	   - drivers still not capable of IRQF_SHARED (or not telling us so) may
50	     use the deprecated pcmcia_request_exclusive_irq() for the time
51	     being; they might receive a shared IRQ nonetheless.
53	* no cs_error / CS_CHECK / CONFIG_PCMCIA_DEBUG (as of 2.6.33)
54	   Instead of the cs_error() callback or the CS_CHECK() macro, please use
55	   Linux-style checking of return values, and -- if necessary -- debug
56	   messages using "dev_dbg()" or "pr_debug()".
58	* New CIS tuple access (as of 2.6.33)
59	   Instead of pcmcia_get_{first,next}_tuple(), pcmcia_get_tuple_data() and
60	   pcmcia_parse_tuple(), a driver shall use "pcmcia_get_tuple()" if it is
61	   only interested in one (raw) tuple, or "pcmcia_loop_tuple()" if it is
62	   interested in all tuples of one type. To decode the MAC from CISTPL_FUNCE,
63	   a new helper "pcmcia_get_mac_from_cis()" was added.
65	* New configuration loop helper (as of 2.6.28)
66	   By calling pcmcia_loop_config(), a driver can iterate over all available
67	   configuration options. During a driver's probe() phase, one doesn't need
68	   to use pcmcia_get_{first,next}_tuple, pcmcia_get_tuple_data and
69	   pcmcia_parse_tuple directly in most if not all cases.
71	* New release helper (as of 2.6.17)
72	   Instead of calling pcmcia_release_{configuration,io,irq,win}, all that's
73	   necessary now is calling pcmcia_disable_device. As there is no valid
74	   reason left to call pcmcia_release_io and pcmcia_release_irq, the
75	   exports for them were removed.
77	* Unify detach and REMOVAL event code, as well as attach and INSERTION
78	  code (as of 2.6.16)
79	       void (*remove)          (struct pcmcia_device *dev);
80	       int (*probe)            (struct pcmcia_device *dev);
82	* Move suspend, resume and reset out of event handler (as of 2.6.16)
83	       int (*suspend)          (struct pcmcia_device *dev);
84	       int (*resume)           (struct pcmcia_device *dev);
85	  should be initialized in struct pcmcia_driver, and handle
88	* event handler initialization in struct pcmcia_driver (as of 2.6.13)
89	   The event handler is notified of all events, and must be initialized
90	   as the event() callback in the driver's struct pcmcia_driver.
92	* pcmcia/version.h should not be used (as of 2.6.13)
93	   This file will be removed eventually.
95	* in-kernel device<->driver matching (as of 2.6.13)
96	   PCMCIA devices and their correct drivers can now be matched in
97	   kernelspace. See 'devicetable.txt' for details.
99	* Device model integration (as of 2.6.11)
100	   A struct pcmcia_device is registered with the device model core,
101	   and can be used (e.g. for SET_NETDEV_DEV) by using
102	   handle_to_dev(client_handle_t * handle).
104	* Convert internal I/O port addresses to unsigned int (as of 2.6.11)
105	   ioaddr_t should be replaced by unsigned int in PCMCIA card drivers.
107	* irq_mask and irq_list parameters (as of 2.6.11)
108	   The irq_mask and irq_list parameters should no longer be used in
109	   PCMCIA card drivers. Instead, it is the job of the PCMCIA core to
110	   determine which IRQ should be used. Therefore, link->irq.IRQInfo2
111	   is ignored.
113	* client->PendingEvents is gone (as of 2.6.11)
114	   client->PendingEvents is no longer available.
116	* client->Attributes are gone (as of 2.6.11)
117	   client->Attributes is unused, therefore it is removed from all
118	   PCMCIA card drivers
120	* core functions no longer available (as of 2.6.11)
121	   The following functions have been removed from the kernel source
122	   because they are unused by all in-kernel drivers, and no external
123	   driver was reported to rely on them:
124		pcmcia_get_first_region()
125		pcmcia_get_next_region()
126		pcmcia_modify_window()
127		pcmcia_set_event_mask()
128		pcmcia_get_first_window()
129		pcmcia_get_next_window()
131	* device list iteration upon module removal (as of 2.6.10)
132	   It is no longer necessary to iterate on the driver's internal
133	   client list and call the ->detach() function upon module removal.
135	* Resource management. (as of 2.6.8)
136	   Although the PCMCIA subsystem will allocate resources for cards,
137	   it no longer marks these resources busy. This means that driver
138	   authors are now responsible for claiming your resources as per
139	   other drivers in Linux. You should use request_region() to mark
140	   your IO regions in-use, and request_mem_region() to mark your
141	   memory regions in-use. The name argument should be a pointer to
142	   your driver name. Eg, for pcnet_cs, name should point to the
143	   string "pcnet_cs".
145	* CardServices is gone
146	  CardServices() in 2.4 is just a big switch statement to call various
147	  services.  In 2.6, all of those entry points are exported and called
148	  directly (except for pcmcia_report_error(), just use cs_error() instead).
150	* struct pcmcia_driver
151	  You need to use struct pcmcia_driver and pcmcia_{un,}register_driver
152	  instead of {un,}register_pccard_driver
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