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Based on kernel version 4.13.3. Page generated on 2017-09-23 13:55 EST.

1				How to get s2ram working
2				~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
3				2006 Linus Torvalds
4				2006 Pavel Machek
6	1) Check suspend.sf.net, program s2ram there has long whitelist of
7	   "known ok" machines, along with tricks to use on each one.
9	2) If that does not help, try reading tricks.txt and
10	   video.txt. Perhaps problem is as simple as broken module, and
11	   simple module unload can fix it.
13	3) You can use Linus' TRACE_RESUME infrastructure, described below.
15			      Using TRACE_RESUME
16			      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
18	I've been working at making the machines I have able to STR, and almost
19	always it's a driver that is buggy. Thank God for the suspend/resume
20	debugging - the thing that Chuck tried to disable. That's often the _only_
21	way to debug these things, and it's actually pretty powerful (but
22	time-consuming - having to insert TRACE_RESUME() markers into the device
23	driver that doesn't resume and recompile and reboot).
25	Anyway, the way to debug this for people who are interested (have a
26	machine that doesn't boot) is:
28	 - enable PM_DEBUG, and PM_TRACE
30	 - use a script like this:
32		#!/bin/sh
33		sync
34		echo 1 > /sys/power/pm_trace
35		echo mem > /sys/power/state
37	   to suspend
39	 - if it doesn't come back up (which is usually the problem), reboot by
40	   holding the power button down, and look at the dmesg output for things
41	   like
43		Magic number: 4:156:725
44		hash matches drivers/base/power/resume.c:28
45		hash matches device 0000:01:00.0
47	   which means that the last trace event was just before trying to resume
48	   device 0000:01:00.0. Then figure out what driver is controlling that
49	   device (lspci and /sys/devices/pci* is your friend), and see if you can
50	   fix it, disable it, or trace into its resume function.
52	   If no device matches the hash (or any matches appear to be false positives),
53	   the culprit may be a device from a loadable kernel module that is not loaded
54	   until after the hash is checked. You can check the hash against the current
55	   devices again after more modules are loaded using sysfs:
57		cat /sys/power/pm_trace_dev_match
59	For example, the above happens to be the VGA device on my EVO, which I
60	used to run with "radeonfb" (it's an ATI Radeon mobility). It turns out
61	that "radeonfb" simply cannot resume that device - it tries to set the
62	PLL's, and it just _hangs_. Using the regular VGA console and letting X
63	resume it instead works fine.
66	====
67	pm_trace uses the system's Real Time Clock (RTC) to save the magic number.
68	Reason for this is that the RTC is the only reliably available piece of
69	hardware during resume operations where a value can be set that will
70	survive a reboot.
72	pm_trace is not compatible with asynchronous suspend, so it turns
73	asynchronous suspend off (which may work around timing or
74	ordering-sensitive bugs).
76	Consequence is that after a resume (even if it is successful) your system
77	clock will have a value corresponding to the magic number instead of the
78	correct date/time! It is therefore advisable to use a program like ntp-date
79	or rdate to reset the correct date/time from an external time source when
80	using this trace option.
82	As the clock keeps ticking it is also essential that the reboot is done
83	quickly after the resume failure. The trace option does not use the seconds
84	or the low order bits of the minutes of the RTC, but a too long delay will
85	corrupt the magic value.
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