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Based on kernel version 3.13. Page generated on 2014-01-20 22:04 EST.

1	
2	
3	                  HOWTO for the linux packet generator 
4	                  ------------------------------------
5	
6	Date: 041221
7	
8	Enable CONFIG_NET_PKTGEN to compile and build pktgen.o either in kernel
9	or as module. Module is preferred. insmod pktgen if needed. Once running
10	pktgen creates a thread on each CPU where each thread has affinity to its CPU.
11	Monitoring and controlling is done via /proc. Easiest to select a suitable 
12	a sample script and configure.
13	
14	On a dual CPU:
15	
16	ps aux | grep pkt
17	root       129  0.3  0.0     0    0 ?        SW    2003 523:20 [pktgen/0]
18	root       130  0.3  0.0     0    0 ?        SW    2003 509:50 [pktgen/1]
19	
20	
21	For monitoring and control pktgen creates:
22		/proc/net/pktgen/pgctrl
23		/proc/net/pktgen/kpktgend_X
24	        /proc/net/pktgen/ethX
25	
26	
27	Viewing threads
28	===============
29	/proc/net/pktgen/kpktgend_0 
30	Name: kpktgend_0  max_before_softirq: 10000
31	Running: 
32	Stopped: eth1 
33	Result: OK: max_before_softirq=10000
34	
35	Most important the devices assigned to thread. Note! A device can only belong 
36	to one thread.
37	
38	
39	Viewing devices
40	===============
41	
42	Parm section holds configured info. Current hold running stats. 
43	Result is printed after run or after interruption. Example:
44	
45	/proc/net/pktgen/eth1       
46	
47	Params: count 10000000  min_pkt_size: 60  max_pkt_size: 60
48	     frags: 0  delay: 0  clone_skb: 1000000  ifname: eth1
49	     flows: 0 flowlen: 0
50	     dst_min: 10.10.11.2  dst_max: 
51	     src_min:   src_max: 
52	     src_mac: 00:00:00:00:00:00  dst_mac: 00:04:23:AC:FD:82
53	     udp_src_min: 9  udp_src_max: 9  udp_dst_min: 9  udp_dst_max: 9
54	     src_mac_count: 0  dst_mac_count: 0 
55	     Flags: 
56	Current:
57	     pkts-sofar: 10000000  errors: 39664
58	     started: 1103053986245187us  stopped: 1103053999346329us idle: 880401us
59	     seq_num: 10000011  cur_dst_mac_offset: 0  cur_src_mac_offset: 0
60	     cur_saddr: 0x10a0a0a  cur_daddr: 0x20b0a0a
61	     cur_udp_dst: 9  cur_udp_src: 9
62	     flows: 0
63	Result: OK: 13101142(c12220741+d880401) usec, 10000000 (60byte,0frags)
64	  763292pps 390Mb/sec (390805504bps) errors: 39664
65	
66	Configuring threads and devices
67	================================
68	This is done via the /proc interface easiest done via pgset in the scripts
69	
70	Examples:
71	
72	 pgset "clone_skb 1"     sets the number of copies of the same packet
73	 pgset "clone_skb 0"     use single SKB for all transmits
74	 pgset "pkt_size 9014"   sets packet size to 9014
75	 pgset "frags 5"         packet will consist of 5 fragments
76	 pgset "count 200000"    sets number of packets to send, set to zero
77	                         for continuous sends until explicitly stopped.
78	
79	 pgset "delay 5000"      adds delay to hard_start_xmit(). nanoseconds
80	
81	 pgset "dst 10.0.0.1"    sets IP destination address
82	                         (BEWARE! This generator is very aggressive!)
83	
84	 pgset "dst_min 10.0.0.1"            Same as dst
85	 pgset "dst_max 10.0.0.254"          Set the maximum destination IP.
86	 pgset "src_min 10.0.0.1"            Set the minimum (or only) source IP.
87	 pgset "src_max 10.0.0.254"          Set the maximum source IP.
88	 pgset "dst6 fec0::1"     IPV6 destination address
89	 pgset "src6 fec0::2"     IPV6 source address
90	 pgset "dstmac 00:00:00:00:00:00"    sets MAC destination address
91	 pgset "srcmac 00:00:00:00:00:00"    sets MAC source address
92	
93	 pgset "queue_map_min 0" Sets the min value of tx queue interval
94	 pgset "queue_map_max 7" Sets the max value of tx queue interval, for multiqueue devices
95	                         To select queue 1 of a given device,
96	                         use queue_map_min=1 and queue_map_max=1
97	
98	 pgset "src_mac_count 1" Sets the number of MACs we'll range through.  
99	                         The 'minimum' MAC is what you set with srcmac.
100	
101	 pgset "dst_mac_count 1" Sets the number of MACs we'll range through.
102	                         The 'minimum' MAC is what you set with dstmac.
103	
104	 pgset "flag [name]"     Set a flag to determine behaviour.  Current flags
105	                         are: IPSRC_RND #IP Source is random (between min/max),
106	                              IPDST_RND, UDPSRC_RND,
107	                              UDPDST_RND, MACSRC_RND, MACDST_RND 
108	                              MPLS_RND, VID_RND, SVID_RND
109	                              QUEUE_MAP_RND # queue map random
110	                              QUEUE_MAP_CPU # queue map mirrors smp_processor_id()
111	
112	
113	 pgset "udp_src_min 9"   set UDP source port min, If < udp_src_max, then
114	                         cycle through the port range.
115	
116	 pgset "udp_src_max 9"   set UDP source port max.
117	 pgset "udp_dst_min 9"   set UDP destination port min, If < udp_dst_max, then
118	                         cycle through the port range.
119	 pgset "udp_dst_max 9"   set UDP destination port max.
120	
121	 pgset "mpls 0001000a,0002000a,0000000a" set MPLS labels (in this example
122	                                         outer label=16,middle label=32,
123						 inner label=0 (IPv4 NULL)) Note that
124						 there must be no spaces between the
125						 arguments. Leading zeros are required.
126						 Do not set the bottom of stack bit,
127						 that's done automatically. If you do
128						 set the bottom of stack bit, that
129						 indicates that you want to randomly
130						 generate that address and the flag
131						 MPLS_RND will be turned on. You
132						 can have any mix of random and fixed
133						 labels in the label stack.
134	
135	 pgset "mpls 0"		  turn off mpls (or any invalid argument works too!)
136	
137	 pgset "vlan_id 77"       set VLAN ID 0-4095
138	 pgset "vlan_p 3"         set priority bit 0-7 (default 0)
139	 pgset "vlan_cfi 0"       set canonical format identifier 0-1 (default 0)
140	
141	 pgset "svlan_id 22"      set SVLAN ID 0-4095
142	 pgset "svlan_p 3"        set priority bit 0-7 (default 0)
143	 pgset "svlan_cfi 0"      set canonical format identifier 0-1 (default 0)
144	
145	 pgset "vlan_id 9999"     > 4095 remove vlan and svlan tags
146	 pgset "svlan 9999"       > 4095 remove svlan tag
147	
148	
149	 pgset "tos XX"           set former IPv4 TOS field (e.g. "tos 28" for AF11 no ECN, default 00)
150	 pgset "traffic_class XX" set former IPv6 TRAFFIC CLASS (e.g. "traffic_class B8" for EF no ECN, default 00)
151	
152	 pgset stop    	          aborts injection. Also, ^C aborts generator.
153	
154	 pgset "rate 300M"        set rate to 300 Mb/s
155	 pgset "ratep 1000000"    set rate to 1Mpps
156	
157	Example scripts
158	===============
159	
160	A collection of small tutorial scripts for pktgen is in examples dir.
161	
162	pktgen.conf-1-1                  # 1 CPU 1 dev 
163	pktgen.conf-1-2                  # 1 CPU 2 dev
164	pktgen.conf-2-1                  # 2 CPU's 1 dev 
165	pktgen.conf-2-2                  # 2 CPU's 2 dev
166	pktgen.conf-1-1-rdos             # 1 CPU 1 dev w. route DoS 
167	pktgen.conf-1-1-ip6              # 1 CPU 1 dev ipv6
168	pktgen.conf-1-1-ip6-rdos         # 1 CPU 1 dev ipv6  w. route DoS
169	pktgen.conf-1-1-flows            # 1 CPU 1 dev multiple flows.
170	
171	Run in shell: ./pktgen.conf-X-Y It does all the setup including sending. 
172	
173	
174	Interrupt affinity
175	===================
176	Note when adding devices to a specific CPU there good idea to also assign 
177	/proc/irq/XX/smp_affinity so the TX-interrupts gets bound to the same CPU.
178	as this reduces cache bouncing when freeing skb's.
179	
180	
181	Current commands and configuration options
182	==========================================
183	
184	** Pgcontrol commands:
185	
186	start
187	stop
188	
189	** Thread commands:
190	
191	add_device
192	rem_device_all
193	max_before_softirq
194	
195	
196	** Device commands:
197	
198	count
199	clone_skb
200	debug
201	
202	frags
203	delay
204	
205	src_mac_count
206	dst_mac_count
207	
208	pkt_size 
209	min_pkt_size
210	max_pkt_size
211	
212	mpls
213	
214	udp_src_min
215	udp_src_max
216	
217	udp_dst_min
218	udp_dst_max
219	
220	flag
221	  IPSRC_RND
222	  TXSIZE_RND
223	  IPDST_RND
224	  UDPSRC_RND
225	  UDPDST_RND
226	  MACSRC_RND
227	  MACDST_RND
228	
229	dst_min
230	dst_max
231	
232	src_min
233	src_max
234	
235	dst_mac
236	src_mac
237	
238	clear_counters
239	
240	dst6
241	src6
242	
243	flows
244	flowlen
245	
246	rate
247	ratep
248	
249	References:
250	ftp://robur.slu.se/pub/Linux/net-development/pktgen-testing/
251	ftp://robur.slu.se/pub/Linux/net-development/pktgen-testing/examples/
252	
253	Paper from Linux-Kongress in Erlangen 2004.
254	ftp://robur.slu.se/pub/Linux/net-development/pktgen-testing/pktgen_paper.pdf
255	
256	Thanks to:
257	Grant Grundler for testing on IA-64 and parisc, Harald Welte,  Lennert Buytenhek
258	Stephen Hemminger, Andi Kleen, Dave Miller and many others.
259	
260	
261	Good luck with the linux net-development.
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