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Based on kernel version 4.13.3. Page generated on 2017-09-23 13:55 EST.

1	okay, here are some hints for debugging the lower-level parts of
2	linux/parisc.
5	1. Absolute addresses
7	A lot of the assembly code currently runs in real mode, which means
8	absolute addresses are used instead of virtual addresses as in the
9	rest of the kernel.  To translate an absolute address to a virtual
10	address you can lookup in System.map, add __PAGE_OFFSET (0x10000000
11	currently).
14	2. HPMCs
16	When real-mode code tries to access non-existent memory, you'll get
17	an HPMC instead of a kernel oops.  To debug an HPMC, try to find
18	the System Responder/Requestor addresses.  The System Requestor
19	address should match (one of the) processor HPAs (high addresses in
20	the I/O range); the System Responder address is the address real-mode
21	code tried to access.
23	Typical values for the System Responder address are addresses larger
24	than __PAGE_OFFSET (0x10000000) which mean a virtual address didn't
25	get translated to a physical address before real-mode code tried to
26	access it.
29	3. Q bit fun
31	Certain, very critical code has to clear the Q bit in the PSW.  What
32	happens when the Q bit is cleared is the CPU does not update the
33	registers interruption handlers read to find out where the machine
34	was interrupted - so if you get an interruption between the instruction
35	that clears the Q bit and the RFI that sets it again you don't know
36	where exactly it happened.  If you're lucky the IAOQ will point to the
37	instruction that cleared the Q bit, if you're not it points anywhere
38	at all.  Usually Q bit problems will show themselves in unexplainable
39	system hangs or running off the end of physical memory.
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