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Documentation / vm / remap_file_pages.txt

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Based on kernel version 4.13.3. Page generated on 2017-09-23 13:56 EST.

1	The remap_file_pages() system call is used to create a nonlinear mapping,
2	that is, a mapping in which the pages of the file are mapped into a
3	nonsequential order in memory. The advantage of using remap_file_pages()
4	over using repeated calls to mmap(2) is that the former approach does not
5	require the kernel to create additional VMA (Virtual Memory Area) data
6	structures.
8	Supporting of nonlinear mapping requires significant amount of non-trivial
9	code in kernel virtual memory subsystem including hot paths. Also to get
10	nonlinear mapping work kernel need a way to distinguish normal page table
11	entries from entries with file offset (pte_file). Kernel reserves flag in
12	PTE for this purpose. PTE flags are scarce resource especially on some CPU
13	architectures. It would be nice to free up the flag for other usage.
15	Fortunately, there are not many users of remap_file_pages() in the wild.
16	It's only known that one enterprise RDBMS implementation uses the syscall
17	on 32-bit systems to map files bigger than can linearly fit into 32-bit
18	virtual address space. This use-case is not critical anymore since 64-bit
19	systems are widely available.
21	The syscall is deprecated and replaced it with an emulation now. The
22	emulation creates new VMAs instead of nonlinear mappings. It's going to
23	work slower for rare users of remap_file_pages() but ABI is preserved.
25	One side effect of emulation (apart from performance) is that user can hit
26	vm.max_map_count limit more easily due to additional VMAs. See comment for
27	DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT for more details on the limit.
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