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Based on kernel version 3.13. Page generated on 2014-01-20 22:00 EST.

1			     Memory Layout on AArch64 Linux
2			     ==============================
3	
4	Author: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
5	Date  : 20 February 2012
6	
7	This document describes the virtual memory layout used by the AArch64
8	Linux kernel. The architecture allows up to 4 levels of translation
9	tables with a 4KB page size and up to 3 levels with a 64KB page size.
10	
11	AArch64 Linux uses 3 levels of translation tables with the 4KB page
12	configuration, allowing 39-bit (512GB) virtual addresses for both user
13	and kernel. With 64KB pages, only 2 levels of translation tables are
14	used but the memory layout is the same.
15	
16	User addresses have bits 63:39 set to 0 while the kernel addresses have
17	the same bits set to 1. TTBRx selection is given by bit 63 of the
18	virtual address. The swapper_pg_dir contains only kernel (global)
19	mappings while the user pgd contains only user (non-global) mappings.
20	The swapper_pgd_dir address is written to TTBR1 and never written to
21	TTBR0.
22	
23	
24	AArch64 Linux memory layout with 4KB pages:
25	
26	Start			End			Size		Use
27	-----------------------------------------------------------------------
28	0000000000000000	0000007fffffffff	 512GB		user
29	
30	ffffff8000000000	ffffffbbfffeffff	~240GB		vmalloc
31	
32	ffffffbbffff0000	ffffffbbffffffff	  64KB		[guard page]
33	
34	ffffffbc00000000	ffffffbdffffffff	   8GB		vmemmap
35	
36	ffffffbe00000000	ffffffbffbbfffff	  ~8GB		[guard, future vmmemap]
37	
38	ffffffbffbc00000	ffffffbffbdfffff	   2MB		earlyprintk device
39	
40	ffffffbffbe00000	ffffffbffbe0ffff	  64KB		PCI I/O space
41	
42	ffffffbffbe10000	ffffffbcffffffff	  ~2MB		[guard]
43	
44	ffffffbffc000000	ffffffbfffffffff	  64MB		modules
45	
46	ffffffc000000000	ffffffffffffffff	 256GB		kernel logical memory map
47	
48	
49	AArch64 Linux memory layout with 64KB pages:
50	
51	Start			End			Size		Use
52	-----------------------------------------------------------------------
53	0000000000000000	000003ffffffffff	   4TB		user
54	
55	fffffc0000000000	fffffdfbfffeffff	  ~2TB		vmalloc
56	
57	fffffdfbffff0000	fffffdfbffffffff	  64KB		[guard page]
58	
59	fffffdfc00000000	fffffdfdffffffff	   8GB		vmemmap
60	
61	fffffdfe00000000	fffffdfffbbfffff	  ~8GB		[guard, future vmmemap]
62	
63	fffffdfffbc00000	fffffdfffbdfffff	   2MB		earlyprintk device
64	
65	fffffdfffbe00000	fffffdfffbe0ffff	  64KB		PCI I/O space
66	
67	fffffdfffbe10000	fffffdfffbffffff	  ~2MB		[guard]
68	
69	fffffdfffc000000	fffffdffffffffff	  64MB		modules
70	
71	fffffe0000000000	ffffffffffffffff	   2TB		kernel logical memory map
72	
73	
74	Translation table lookup with 4KB pages:
75	
76	+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
77	|63    56|55    48|47    40|39    32|31    24|23    16|15     8|7      0|
78	+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
79	 |                 |         |         |         |         |
80	 |                 |         |         |         |         v
81	 |                 |         |         |         |   [11:0]  in-page offset
82	 |                 |         |         |         +-> [20:12] L3 index
83	 |                 |         |         +-----------> [29:21] L2 index
84	 |                 |         +---------------------> [38:30] L1 index
85	 |                 +-------------------------------> [47:39] L0 index (not used)
86	 +-------------------------------------------------> [63] TTBR0/1
87	
88	
89	Translation table lookup with 64KB pages:
90	
91	+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
92	|63    56|55    48|47    40|39    32|31    24|23    16|15     8|7      0|
93	+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
94	 |                 |    |               |              |
95	 |                 |    |               |              v
96	 |                 |    |               |            [15:0]  in-page offset
97	 |                 |    |               +----------> [28:16] L3 index
98	 |                 |    +--------------------------> [41:29] L2 index (only 38:29 used)
99	 |                 +-------------------------------> [47:42] L1 index (not used)
100	 +-------------------------------------------------> [63] TTBR0/1
101	
102	When using KVM, the hypervisor maps kernel pages in EL2, at a fixed
103	offset from the kernel VA (top 24bits of the kernel VA set to zero):
104	
105	Start			End			Size		Use
106	-----------------------------------------------------------------------
107	0000004000000000	0000007fffffffff	 256GB		kernel objects mapped in HYP
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