Based on kernel version 4.2. Page generated on 2015-09-09 12:13 EST.
1 Kernel driver adm1026 2 ===================== 3 4 Supported chips: 5 * Analog Devices ADM1026 6 Prefix: 'adm1026' 7 Addresses scanned: I2C 0x2c, 0x2d, 0x2e 8 Datasheet: Publicly available at the Analog Devices website 9 http://www.onsemi.com/PowerSolutions/product.do?id=ADM1026 10 11 Authors: 12 Philip Pokorny <email@example.com> for Penguin Computing 13 Justin Thiessen <firstname.lastname@example.org> 14 15 Module Parameters 16 ----------------- 17 18 * gpio_input: int array (min = 1, max = 17) 19 List of GPIO pins (0-16) to program as inputs 20 * gpio_output: int array (min = 1, max = 17) 21 List of GPIO pins (0-16) to program as outputs 22 * gpio_inverted: int array (min = 1, max = 17) 23 List of GPIO pins (0-16) to program as inverted 24 * gpio_normal: int array (min = 1, max = 17) 25 List of GPIO pins (0-16) to program as normal/non-inverted 26 * gpio_fan: int array (min = 1, max = 8) 27 List of GPIO pins (0-7) to program as fan tachs 28 29 30 Description 31 ----------- 32 33 This driver implements support for the Analog Devices ADM1026. Analog 34 Devices calls it a "complete thermal system management controller." 35 36 The ADM1026 implements three (3) temperature sensors, 17 voltage sensors, 37 16 general purpose digital I/O lines, eight (8) fan speed sensors (8-bit), 38 an analog output and a PWM output along with limit, alarm and mask bits for 39 all of the above. There is even 8k bytes of EEPROM memory on chip. 40 41 Temperatures are measured in degrees Celsius. There are two external 42 sensor inputs and one internal sensor. Each sensor has a high and low 43 limit. If the limit is exceeded, an interrupt (#SMBALERT) can be 44 generated. The interrupts can be masked. In addition, there are over-temp 45 limits for each sensor. If this limit is exceeded, the #THERM output will 46 be asserted. The current temperature and limits have a resolution of 1 47 degree. 48 49 Fan rotation speeds are reported in RPM (rotations per minute) but measured 50 in counts of a 22.5kHz internal clock. Each fan has a high limit which 51 corresponds to a minimum fan speed. If the limit is exceeded, an interrupt 52 can be generated. Each fan can be programmed to divide the reference clock 53 by 1, 2, 4 or 8. Not all RPM values can accurately be represented, so some 54 rounding is done. With a divider of 8, the slowest measurable speed of a 55 two pulse per revolution fan is 661 RPM. 56 57 There are 17 voltage sensors. An alarm is triggered if the voltage has 58 crossed a programmable minimum or maximum limit. Note that minimum in this 59 case always means 'closest to zero'; this is important for negative voltage 60 measurements. Several inputs have integrated attenuators so they can measure 61 higher voltages directly. 3.3V, 5V, 12V, -12V and battery voltage all have 62 dedicated inputs. There are several inputs scaled to 0-3V full-scale range 63 for SCSI terminator power. The remaining inputs are not scaled and have 64 a 0-2.5V full-scale range. A 2.5V or 1.82V reference voltage is provided 65 for negative voltage measurements. 66 67 If an alarm triggers, it will remain triggered until the hardware register 68 is read at least once. This means that the cause for the alarm may already 69 have disappeared! Note that in the current implementation, all hardware 70 registers are read whenever any data is read (unless it is less than 2.0 71 seconds since the last update). This means that you can easily miss 72 once-only alarms. 73 74 The ADM1026 measures continuously. Analog inputs are measured about 4 75 times a second. Fan speed measurement time depends on fan speed and 76 divisor. It can take as long as 1.5 seconds to measure all fan speeds. 77 78 The ADM1026 has the ability to automatically control fan speed based on the 79 temperature sensor inputs. Both the PWM output and the DAC output can be 80 used to control fan speed. Usually only one of these two outputs will be 81 used. Write the minimum PWM or DAC value to the appropriate control 82 register. Then set the low temperature limit in the tmin values for each 83 temperature sensor. The range of control is fixed at 20 °C, and the 84 largest difference between current and tmin of the temperature sensors sets 85 the control output. See the datasheet for several example circuits for 86 controlling fan speed with the PWM and DAC outputs. The fan speed sensors 87 do not have PWM compensation, so it is probably best to control the fan 88 voltage from the power lead rather than on the ground lead. 89 90 The datasheet shows an example application with VID signals attached to 91 GPIO lines. Unfortunately, the chip may not be connected to the VID lines 92 in this way. The driver assumes that the chips *is* connected this way to 93 get a VID voltage.