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Based on kernel version 3.13. Page generated on 2014-01-20 22:03 EST.

1	
2	            LDM - Logical Disk Manager (Dynamic Disks)
3	            ------------------------------------------
4	
5	Originally Written by FlatCap - Richard Russon <ldm@flatcap.org>.
6	Last Updated by Anton Altaparmakov on 30 March 2007 for Windows Vista.
7	
8	Overview
9	--------
10	
11	Windows 2000, XP, and Vista use a new partitioning scheme.  It is a complete
12	replacement for the MSDOS style partitions.  It stores its information in a
13	1MiB journalled database at the end of the physical disk.  The size of
14	partitions is limited only by disk space.  The maximum number of partitions is
15	nearly 2000.
16	
17	Any partitions created under the LDM are called "Dynamic Disks".  There are no
18	longer any primary or extended partitions.  Normal MSDOS style partitions are
19	now known as Basic Disks.
20	
21	If you wish to use Spanned, Striped, Mirrored or RAID 5 Volumes, you must use
22	Dynamic Disks.  The journalling allows Windows to make changes to these
23	partitions and filesystems without the need to reboot.
24	
25	Once the LDM driver has divided up the disk, you can use the MD driver to
26	assemble any multi-partition volumes, e.g.  Stripes, RAID5.
27	
28	To prevent legacy applications from repartitioning the disk, the LDM creates a
29	dummy MSDOS partition containing one disk-sized partition.  This is what is
30	supported with the Linux LDM driver.
31	
32	A newer approach that has been implemented with Vista is to put LDM on top of a
33	GPT label disk.  This is not supported by the Linux LDM driver yet.
34	
35	
36	Example
37	-------
38	
39	Below we have a 50MiB disk, divided into seven partitions.
40	N.B.  The missing 1MiB at the end of the disk is where the LDM database is
41	      stored.
42	
43	  Device | Offset Bytes  Sectors  MiB | Size   Bytes  Sectors  MiB
44	  -------+----------------------------+---------------------------
45	  hda    |            0        0    0 |     52428800   102400   50
46	  hda1   |     51380224   100352   49 |      1048576     2048    1
47	  hda2   |        16384       32    0 |      6979584    13632    6
48	  hda3   |      6995968    13664    6 |     10485760    20480   10
49	  hda4   |     17481728    34144   16 |      4194304     8192    4
50	  hda5   |     21676032    42336   20 |      5242880    10240    5
51	  hda6   |     26918912    52576   25 |     10485760    20480   10
52	  hda7   |     37404672    73056   35 |     13959168    27264   13
53	
54	The LDM Database may not store the partitions in the order that they appear on
55	disk, but the driver will sort them.
56	
57	When Linux boots, you will see something like:
58	
59	  hda: 102400 sectors w/32KiB Cache, CHS=50/64/32
60	  hda: [LDM] hda1 hda2 hda3 hda4 hda5 hda6 hda7
61	
62	
63	Compiling LDM Support
64	---------------------
65	
66	To enable LDM, choose the following two options: 
67	
68	  "Advanced partition selection" CONFIG_PARTITION_ADVANCED
69	  "Windows Logical Disk Manager (Dynamic Disk) support" CONFIG_LDM_PARTITION
70	
71	If you believe the driver isn't working as it should, you can enable the extra
72	debugging code.  This will produce a LOT of output.  The option is:
73	
74	  "Windows LDM extra logging" CONFIG_LDM_DEBUG
75	
76	N.B. The partition code cannot be compiled as a module.
77	
78	As with all the partition code, if the driver doesn't see signs of its type of
79	partition, it will pass control to another driver, so there is no harm in
80	enabling it.
81	
82	If you have Dynamic Disks but don't enable the driver, then all you will see
83	is a dummy MSDOS partition filling the whole disk.  You won't be able to mount
84	any of the volumes on the disk.
85	
86	
87	Booting
88	-------
89	
90	If you enable LDM support, then lilo is capable of booting from any of the
91	discovered partitions.  However, grub does not understand the LDM partitioning
92	and cannot boot from a Dynamic Disk.
93	
94	
95	More Documentation
96	------------------
97	
98	There is an Overview of the LDM together with complete Technical Documentation.
99	It is available for download.
100	
101	  http://www.linux-ntfs.org/
102	
103	If you have any LDM questions that aren't answered in the documentation, email
104	me.
105	
106	Cheers,
107	    FlatCap - Richard Russon
108	    ldm@flatcap.org
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