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Based on kernel version 3.13. Page generated on 2014-01-20 22:03 EST.

1	This file is a registry of magic numbers which are in use.  When you
2	add a magic number to a structure, you should also add it to this
3	file, since it is best if the magic numbers used by various structures
4	are unique.
5	
6	It is a *very* good idea to protect kernel data structures with magic
7	numbers.  This allows you to check at run time whether (a) a structure
8	has been clobbered, or (b) you've passed the wrong structure to a
9	routine.  This last is especially useful --- particularly when you are
10	passing pointers to structures via a void * pointer.  The tty code,
11	for example, does this frequently to pass driver-specific and line
12	discipline-specific structures back and forth.
13	
14	The way to use magic numbers is to declare then at the beginning of
15	the structure, like so:
16	
17	struct tty_ldisc {
18		int	magic;
19		...
20	};
21	
22	Please follow this discipline when you are adding future enhancements
23	to the kernel!  It has saved me countless hours of debugging,
24	especially in the screwy cases where an array has been overrun and
25	structures following the array have been overwritten.  Using this
26	discipline, these cases get detected quickly and safely.
27	
28						Theodore Ts'o
29						31 Mar 94
30	
31	The magic table is current to Linux 2.1.55.
32	
33						Michael Chastain
34						<mailto:mec@shout.net>
35						22 Sep 1997
36	
37	Now it should be up to date with Linux 2.1.112. Because
38	we are in feature freeze time it is very unlikely that
39	something will change before 2.2.x. The entries are
40	sorted by number field.
41	
42						Krzysztof G. Baranowski
43						<mailto: kgb@knm.org.pl>
44						29 Jul 1998
45	
46	Updated the magic table to Linux 2.5.45. Right over the feature freeze,
47	but it is possible that some new magic numbers will sneak into the
48	kernel before 2.6.x yet.
49	
50						Petr Baudis
51						<pasky@ucw.cz>
52						03 Nov 2002
53	
54	Updated the magic table to Linux 2.5.74.
55	
56						Fabian Frederick
57						<ffrederick@users.sourceforge.net>
58						09 Jul 2003
59	
60	
61	Magic Name            Number      Structure            File
62	===========================================================================
63	PG_MAGIC              'P'         pg_{read,write}_hdr include/linux/pg.h
64	CMAGIC                0x0111      user              include/linux/a.out.h
65	MKISS_DRIVER_MAGIC    0x04bf      mkiss_channel     drivers/net/mkiss.h
66	RISCOM8_MAGIC         0x0907      riscom_port       drivers/char/riscom8.h
67	SPECIALIX_MAGIC       0x0907      specialix_port    drivers/char/specialix_io8.h
68	HDLC_MAGIC            0x239e      n_hdlc            drivers/char/n_hdlc.c
69	APM_BIOS_MAGIC        0x4101      apm_user          arch/x86/kernel/apm_32.c
70	CYCLADES_MAGIC        0x4359      cyclades_port     include/linux/cyclades.h
71	DB_MAGIC              0x4442      fc_info           drivers/net/iph5526_novram.c
72	DL_MAGIC              0x444d      fc_info           drivers/net/iph5526_novram.c
73	FASYNC_MAGIC          0x4601      fasync_struct     include/linux/fs.h
74	FF_MAGIC              0x4646      fc_info           drivers/net/iph5526_novram.c
75	ISICOM_MAGIC          0x4d54      isi_port          include/linux/isicom.h
76	PTY_MAGIC             0x5001                        drivers/char/pty.c
77	PPP_MAGIC             0x5002      ppp               include/linux/if_pppvar.h
78	SERIAL_MAGIC          0x5301      async_struct      include/linux/serial.h
79	SSTATE_MAGIC          0x5302      serial_state      include/linux/serial.h
80	SLIP_MAGIC            0x5302      slip              drivers/net/slip.h
81	STRIP_MAGIC           0x5303      strip             drivers/net/strip.c
82	X25_ASY_MAGIC         0x5303      x25_asy           drivers/net/x25_asy.h
83	SIXPACK_MAGIC         0x5304      sixpack           drivers/net/hamradio/6pack.h
84	AX25_MAGIC            0x5316      ax_disp           drivers/net/mkiss.h
85	ESP_MAGIC             0x53ee      esp_struct        drivers/char/esp.h
86	TTY_MAGIC             0x5401      tty_struct        include/linux/tty.h
87	MGSL_MAGIC            0x5401      mgsl_info         drivers/char/synclink.c
88	TTY_DRIVER_MAGIC      0x5402      tty_driver        include/linux/tty_driver.h
89	MGSLPC_MAGIC          0x5402      mgslpc_info       drivers/char/pcmcia/synclink_cs.c
90	TTY_LDISC_MAGIC       0x5403      tty_ldisc         include/linux/tty_ldisc.h
91	USB_SERIAL_MAGIC      0x6702      usb_serial        drivers/usb/serial/usb-serial.h
92	FULL_DUPLEX_MAGIC     0x6969                        drivers/net/ethernet/dec/tulip/de2104x.c
93	USB_BLUETOOTH_MAGIC   0x6d02      usb_bluetooth     drivers/usb/class/bluetty.c
94	RFCOMM_TTY_MAGIC      0x6d02                        net/bluetooth/rfcomm/tty.c
95	USB_SERIAL_PORT_MAGIC 0x7301      usb_serial_port   drivers/usb/serial/usb-serial.h
96	CG_MAGIC              0x00090255  ufs_cylinder_group include/linux/ufs_fs.h
97	A2232_MAGIC           0x000a2232  gs_port           drivers/char/ser_a2232.h
98	RPORT_MAGIC           0x00525001  r_port            drivers/char/rocket_int.h
99	LSEMAGIC              0x05091998  lse               drivers/fc4/fc.c
100	GDTIOCTL_MAGIC        0x06030f07  gdth_iowr_str     drivers/scsi/gdth_ioctl.h
101	RIEBL_MAGIC           0x09051990                    drivers/net/atarilance.c
102	RIO_MAGIC             0x12345678  gs_port           drivers/char/rio/rio_linux.c
103	SX_MAGIC              0x12345678  gs_port           drivers/char/sx.h
104	NBD_REQUEST_MAGIC     0x12560953  nbd_request       include/linux/nbd.h
105	RED_MAGIC2            0x170fc2a5  (any)             mm/slab.c
106	BAYCOM_MAGIC          0x19730510  baycom_state      drivers/net/baycom_epp.c
107	ISDN_X25IFACE_MAGIC   0x1e75a2b9  isdn_x25iface_proto_data
108	                                                    drivers/isdn/isdn_x25iface.h
109	ECP_MAGIC             0x21504345  cdkecpsig         include/linux/cdk.h
110	LSOMAGIC              0x27091997  lso               drivers/fc4/fc.c
111	LSMAGIC               0x2a3b4d2a  ls                drivers/fc4/fc.c
112	WANPIPE_MAGIC         0x414C4453  sdla_{dump,exec}  include/linux/wanpipe.h
113	CS_CARD_MAGIC         0x43525553  cs_card           sound/oss/cs46xx.c
114	LABELCL_MAGIC         0x4857434c  labelcl_info_s    include/asm/ia64/sn/labelcl.h
115	ISDN_ASYNC_MAGIC      0x49344C01  modem_info        include/linux/isdn.h
116	CTC_ASYNC_MAGIC       0x49344C01  ctc_tty_info      drivers/s390/net/ctctty.c
117	ISDN_NET_MAGIC        0x49344C02  isdn_net_local_s  drivers/isdn/i4l/isdn_net_lib.h
118	SAVEKMSG_MAGIC2       0x4B4D5347  savekmsg          arch/*/amiga/config.c
119	STLI_BOARDMAGIC       0x4bc6c825  stlibrd           include/linux/istallion.h
120	CS_STATE_MAGIC        0x4c4f4749  cs_state          sound/oss/cs46xx.c
121	SLAB_C_MAGIC          0x4f17a36d  kmem_cache        mm/slab.c
122	COW_MAGIC             0x4f4f4f4d  cow_header_v1     arch/um/drivers/ubd_user.c
123	I810_CARD_MAGIC       0x5072696E  i810_card         sound/oss/i810_audio.c
124	TRIDENT_CARD_MAGIC    0x5072696E  trident_card      sound/oss/trident.c
125	ROUTER_MAGIC          0x524d4157  wan_device        [in wanrouter.h pre 3.9]
126	SCC_MAGIC             0x52696368  gs_port           drivers/char/scc.h
127	SAVEKMSG_MAGIC1       0x53415645  savekmsg          arch/*/amiga/config.c
128	GDA_MAGIC             0x58464552  gda               arch/mips/include/asm/sn/gda.h
129	RED_MAGIC1            0x5a2cf071  (any)             mm/slab.c
130	STL_PORTMAGIC         0x5a7182c9  stlport           include/linux/stallion.h
131	EEPROM_MAGIC_VALUE    0x5ab478d2  lanai_dev         drivers/atm/lanai.c
132	HDLCDRV_MAGIC         0x5ac6e778  hdlcdrv_state     include/linux/hdlcdrv.h
133	EPCA_MAGIC            0x5c6df104  channel           include/linux/epca.h
134	PCXX_MAGIC            0x5c6df104  channel           drivers/char/pcxx.h
135	KV_MAGIC              0x5f4b565f  kernel_vars_s     arch/mips/include/asm/sn/klkernvars.h
136	I810_STATE_MAGIC      0x63657373  i810_state        sound/oss/i810_audio.c
137	TRIDENT_STATE_MAGIC   0x63657373  trient_state      sound/oss/trident.c
138	M3_CARD_MAGIC         0x646e6f50  m3_card           sound/oss/maestro3.c
139	FW_HEADER_MAGIC       0x65726F66  fw_header         drivers/atm/fore200e.h
140	SLOT_MAGIC            0x67267321  slot              drivers/hotplug/cpqphp.h
141	SLOT_MAGIC            0x67267322  slot              drivers/hotplug/acpiphp.h
142	LO_MAGIC              0x68797548  nbd_device        include/linux/nbd.h
143	OPROFILE_MAGIC        0x6f70726f  super_block       drivers/oprofile/oprofilefs.h
144	M3_STATE_MAGIC        0x734d724d  m3_state          sound/oss/maestro3.c
145	STL_PANELMAGIC        0x7ef621a1  stlpanel          include/linux/stallion.h
146	VMALLOC_MAGIC         0x87654320  snd_alloc_track   sound/core/memory.c
147	KMALLOC_MAGIC         0x87654321  snd_alloc_track   sound/core/memory.c
148	PWC_MAGIC             0x89DC10AB  pwc_device        drivers/usb/media/pwc.h
149	NBD_REPLY_MAGIC       0x96744668  nbd_reply         include/linux/nbd.h
150	STL_BOARDMAGIC        0xa2267f52  stlbrd            include/linux/stallion.h
151	ENI155_MAGIC          0xa54b872d  midway_eprom	    drivers/atm/eni.h
152	SCI_MAGIC             0xbabeface  gs_port           drivers/char/sh-sci.h
153	CODA_MAGIC            0xC0DAC0DA  coda_file_info    fs/coda/coda_fs_i.h
154	DPMEM_MAGIC           0xc0ffee11  gdt_pci_sram      drivers/scsi/gdth.h
155	STLI_PORTMAGIC        0xe671c7a1  stliport          include/linux/istallion.h
156	YAM_MAGIC             0xF10A7654  yam_port          drivers/net/hamradio/yam.c
157	CCB_MAGIC             0xf2691ad2  ccb               drivers/scsi/ncr53c8xx.c
158	QUEUE_MAGIC_FREE      0xf7e1c9a3  queue_entry       drivers/scsi/arm/queue.c
159	QUEUE_MAGIC_USED      0xf7e1cc33  queue_entry       drivers/scsi/arm/queue.c
160	HTB_CMAGIC            0xFEFAFEF1  htb_class         net/sched/sch_htb.c
161	NMI_MAGIC             0x48414d4d455201 nmi_s        arch/mips/include/asm/sn/nmi.h
162	
163	Note that there are also defined special per-driver magic numbers in sound
164	memory management. See include/sound/sndmagic.h for complete list of them. Many
165	OSS sound drivers have their magic numbers constructed from the soundcard PCI
166	ID - these are not listed here as well.
167	
168	IrDA subsystem also uses large number of own magic numbers, see
169	include/net/irda/irda.h for a complete list of them.
170	
171	HFS is another larger user of magic numbers - you can find them in
172	fs/hfs/hfs.h.
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